104年「文采飛揚」訓後成果徵文比賽投稿專區(活動已結束) → 【指定主題區】英文寫作(English Writing)(英文類作品)【不限英語課程參訓學員】
|Differences between males and females||2015-06-01 15:41:23|
|◎課後感想：The class called “Female Self- Exploration” discussed differences between males and females. There are a lot of differences between males and females, for example, physiology, psychology, communication, behaviors and others. Nature and nurture factors lead to these differences. Scientists found that some disparities may result from different structure of brains.
First of all, females have language functioning in both sides of the brain. Scientists performed an experiment to analyze how men and women process language. They let all subjects listen to a novel. When males listened, only the left hemisphere of their brains was activated. On the other hand, the brains of females showed activity on both the left and right hemispheres. This activity across both hemispheres of the brain may result in females typically strong language skills. Females use language and gestures more when they gossip. Women also use language to build relationships. They pause more and use gestures to allow the other person to speak more.
Secondly, women and men use different areas of brain for solving problems that require navigational skills. Men generally do better in performing activities that require spatial skills, like searching directions. Women are more likely to rely on landmarks. For instance, they might suggest you turn at the elementary school and make a left at 7-11. In contrast, men are more likely to navigate by distance reckoning, they might propose you go west then east.
Thirdly, the ability to identify and control emotions varies between sexes. Women are faster and more accurate at identifying emotions. Studies have shown women are more adept than men at recognizing facial differences and determining changing tone of voice. Women may also be better than men at controlling their emotions. Because sections of the brain used to control aggression and anger responses are larger in women than in men.
In recent studies, the brain circuitry between men and women appear to be different in two ways. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania analyzed 949 brain scans of men and women (428 males and 521 females aged eight to twenty two) to look for signature differences and similarities between them. They found that the young women had stronger connections between the left and right hemispheres while the young men had stronger connections between the front and back regions within each hemisphere.
In functional studies, the left hemisphere of the brain is more for logical thinking, while the right side of the brain is for more intuitive thinking; the back of the brain handles perception and the front of the brain handles action. Theoretically, connections across the brain’s hemispheres show greater ability in social interaction, heightened memory, and multiple tasks. Connections between the front and back regions of the brain indicate enhanced coordination and perceptual abilities.
“If a task involves doing both of those things, it seem that women do those better,” “Women are better at intuitive thinking and remembering things. When you talk, women are more emotionally involved – they will listen more,” said study leader Ragini Verma. “Men typically perform better on spatial processing, motor skills and speed tasks, which theoretically correlate with stronger front-to-back neural connections within hemispheres,” “Male brains in this study showed greater connectivity across hemispheres in only one part of the brain: the cerebellum, key to motor coordination. ” Verma mentioned.
Nevertheless, some scholars disputed a statement. They considered these studies about sexual differences had provided evidence to support sexual stereotypes and reflected researchers’ gender discrimination. One scholar said, researchers presupposed there are signature differences of brains in cognitive ability between men and women. They ignored differences of the same sex but enlarged the differences of the opposite sex. They ignored other important variables to fulfill assumption that male brains and female brains are different. Furthermore, differences of brains in cognitive ability fulfilled expectations of public. Unconfirmed assumptions generated more misleading thoughts. These researches were beliefs rather than science.
Other scholars emphasized that there’s not a fixed male and female brain. Non-human animal research has shown that biological sex interacts in complex ways with many different factors like hormones, stress to influence brain development. The impact of sex on the brain is complex, and doesn’t lead to two distinct types. Moreover, everyone’s brain is characteristic, some of which are considered as male, and others are female. You’re not just one or the other. A sex difference in the brain doesn’t certainly imply a sex difference in behavior.
To sum up, I learned a lot from this class especially language skills, spatial skills, emotions, and so on, between males and females. I also learned how to get along well with people of different gender. Although many differences exist in males and females, most of these differences are complementary. If males and females join together, it helps the whole people and has positive impact on society. In addition, every individual is unique. Everyone could have part of both men and women in them. We should not simply divide people into two distinct types. We should respect every individual’s characteristic because all things in their being are good for something.